On 23 May 2010 Ethiopians go to the polls to elect their new federal parliament. The main competitors are the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), led by prime minister Meles Zenawi, and a coalition of eight opposition parties, Medrek.

The run-up to the polls has been marked by tension with claims by Medrek that supporters of the ruling party have been instructed to harass its candidates.

In early March Aregawi Gebre-Yohannes, a candidate for the opposition party Arena, a Medrek member, was stabbed to death near the town of Shire in Meles