Ghana's presidential election on 7 December

Presidential candidates sign peace pact ahead of Ghana's elections.

Ghana's seven presidential candidates have pledged that their supporters will respect electoral rules and refrain from violence, ahead of the country's elections on 7 December.

The main contenders in the race, which is expected to be tight, are incumbent Ghanaian president John Dramani Mahama of the ruling National Democratic Congress (NDC), who is seeking a second term in office, and main opposition leader Nana Akufo-Addo of the New Patriotic Party (NPP).

Akufo-Addo caused headlines on 30 November when he skipped the country’s only presidential debate, just a week before the election, allegedly due to prior campaign commitments.

Despite the no-show by Akufo-Addo, analysts believe he has a viable chance of winning the election thanks to voter discontent over the nation's slowing economy and growing unemployment since Mahama was elected in December 2012.

Akufo-Addo contested the 2012 results, claiming electoral fraud, after narrowly losing out to Mahama who won with 50.7 per cent. However the Supreme Court dimissed the challenge by the NPP and upheld the election results.

The other five presidential candidates are Ivor Greenstreet of the Convention People's Party; Paa Kwesi Nduom of the Progressive People's Party; Edward Mahama of the People's National Convention; Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings by the National Democratic Party; and Jacob Osei Yeboah (independent).

ghana elections 2

In Ghana, the president is elected using the two-round system, while the 275 members of parliament are elected in single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting.

upheld the election results

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