There is disagreement in Kenya over plans by the main opposition parties to introduce a majimbo or federal system of government should they win the general elections later this year. The proponents of devolution, Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) candidate Raila Odinga and Kalonzo Musoyka of ODM-Kenya, have said such a system would benefit people across the country by empowering individual provinces and encouraging a fairer distribution of wealth. However opponents, including incumbent president Mwai Kibaki and his predecessor Daniel arap Moi, argue that majimbo would only serve to divide Kenyans along tribal lines.
The country gained independence from the British in 1963 under a majimbo constitution but power was gradually centralised over the following years after some regions failed to support themselves economically.
Kenya is due to go to the polls in December to elect its next president, parliament and local councils. However, no date has yet been set for the polls.